The objective of Sports Nutrition is to enhance and support competitive athletic performance, by providing a base for mechanical strength, while elevating psychological focus and physiological functions.
While Sound Nutrition is the ultimate goal for overall health and wellness.
Sports Nutrition addresses the specific needs of athletes.
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Malnutrition Among Athletes
The aim of good nutrition is to promote good health, provide adequate sustenance, and support metabolic & life functions; by providing the necessary biochemical components for the body.
Sports Nutrition when viewed as a whole, strives for the same outcomes. However, Sports-Specific Nutrition, also known as Exercise Nutrition, has the added role of addressing athletic related needs. There are some distinct principles that define
Sports Nutrition, these Nutritional principles are meant to:
-Promote over all good health
-Promote adaptation to training
-Assist with recovery quickly from each training session
-Perform optimally during competition
These principles are achieved through specified meal plans
tailored to specific training, recovery, and competition purposes.
Sports Nutritionists are responsible for food counseling and
guidance providing applicable information on diets. Information
is also provided for the efficacy, safety, and permissibility of
supplementation; and to address any inadequacies or
deficiencies, that may occur due to the adherence of diets.
Sound and professional guidance in sports nutrition are important, in order, to recognize health concerns such as, eating disorders due to malnutrition, early recognition of metabolic disorders and disease, and impaired performance or disturbances, in growth and development.
Nutritional deficiencies among athletes are a significant concern, with national surveys revealing that athletes are not meeting adequate energy needs for their sport and exercise. In the same surveys, through supplementation, athletes are exceeding recommended intakes of micronutrients, such as minerals and vitamins. While athletes in weight restricted sports, are prone to deficiencies in recommended micronutrients for adequate health and bodily functions.
Studies and discussions surrounding the link between specified nutrition and sports performance in competition, have been around for more than 100 years.  In recent years, robust research concerning the link between specific food items/supplements and their interactions, in relation, to various sports or exercises, have provided valuable insight.
Data acquired recommendations can push for innovation and support consistent positions based on evidence- based nutritional science. In turn, adherence to safety and efficacy, increases throughout the industry; especially for athletes, in order to prevent poor health outcomes later in life, after the cessation of sports competition.
Author: Rose D.
The aim of Sports Nutrition is to adhere to principles that encourage good overall health while also addressing sports-specific needs for enhanced performance in competition.
 (2009) Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 710-731.
 Williams, Melvin H., Rawson, Eric S. and Branch, David J. (2017). Nutrition for Health, Fitness & Sport: Sports-
Related Fitness: Exercise and Nutrition. McGraw Hill, 11: 17-19.